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of the Foot and Ankle
- Achilles Tendonitis -
- A painful inflammation of the Achilles tendon which connects the
calf muscle to the heel bone.
- Ankle Sprain -
- Over extension of ligaments resulting from trauma, athletic injury or an
inherently unstable ankle.
- Arthritis -
- Symptoms include joint stiffness, pain or tenderness that persists two
weeks or more. The cartilage protecting the joint is eroding and pain is
caused by bone rubbing against bone. Rheumatoid arthritis and osteo arthritis are
the two most common forms of the disease, though more than 100 varieties
- Athlete’s Foot -
- A contagious fungal infection, recognizable by red, dry cracked and itchy
skin between the toes or on the side of the feet. May lead to more serious skin problems when left
- Bunion -
- Painful condition caused by misalignment or enlargement of the bone at the
base of the big toe (an inherited deformity, but aggravated by improperly fitting footwear or excessive
physical activity); bunions can lead to joint arthritis if left untreated.
- Calluses -
- Thickened, irritated dead skin, usually found on the heel or ball of the
foot. The skin can become ulcerated and infected in individuals with diabetes
and other individuals with poor circulation.
- Corn -
- A hard, painful area of thickened skin, usually covering a protruding bone
or in between the toes. Often caused by irritation of improperly fitting
- Fallen Arches (a.k.a. flat feet) -
- Low or non-existent arches put excessive stress on ankle, knee, hip, and
back, and can lead to further disability with advancing
age and inactivity.
- Hammer Toe -
- A tightening of ligaments and tendons causing the toe joints to buckle,
forcing the toe upward and leading to shoe abrasion, inflammation, bursitis,
corns or calluses.
- Heel pain (Plantar Fasciitis) -
- Irritation of the ligament situated along the bottom of the foot attaching
to the heel. Usually causes pain upon rising in the morning, or after
prolonged sitting. Prolonged
inflammation can cause bone spurs to develop.
- Ingrown Toenail -
- Excessively curved nail that causes pain by growing into the skin.
Sometimes, a chronic condition.
- Metatarsalgia -
- Pain in the ball of the foot, often caused by excessive wearing of high
- Nail Fungus (Onychomycosis) -
- Discoloration (yellow or brown) or thickening of the nail; can lead to
- Neuroma -
- Painful enlarged growths of nerves, usually between the third and fourth
toe, causing burning, tingling or numbness.
- Neuropathy -
- Loss of sensation of pain, heat and cold in the feet. Diabetes is a
common cause of this condition, as is frostbite. Neuropathy can lead to serious infection if
- Sesamoiditis -
- Inflammation of bones underneath the base of the big toe, usually caused
by excessive physical activity and improperly fitting shoes.
- Stress Fractures -
- Partial break of the metatarsals ( the long bones of the foot), caused by
repeated pounding or trauma. Pain intensifies as exercise continues.
- Subungual Hematoma -
- Blood beneath the nail, usually a result of injury or excessive physical
activity. Possible indicator of toe fracture.
- Ulcer -
- Open sores or breaks in the skin, often an indicator of circulation
problems and/or diabetes.
- Warts -
- Virus causing abnormal growths on the skin. We offer a new non-invasive
treatment. For information see
Click for more information about Diabetic Foot Care,
Heel Pain, and Buying Diabetic
Click for some Fun Foot Trivia!